Understanding the Iceberg Model of Childhood Behavior

An adult speaking to a teenage boy in a calming wayBehaviors are the result of the interactions of two things: the characteristics we possess as people and the characteristics of the situation we face. The theory behind the iceberg model of childhood behavior is that there are many things that influence the way that children act and react: skills, knowledge, experience, social role or values, self-image, traits, and motives. Some (the most conscious) of these characteristics can be seen outright – “above the water,” if you will. The more subconscious or unconscious characteristics are the ones working behind the scenes — “underwater.” It is a mixture of all of these characteristics that will shape a child’s behavior—meaning that the cause of the behavior won’t always be apparent.

The tip of the iceberg—the conscious characteristics that children have in their toolbox—are skills, knowledge, and experiences. Skills represent what children can do innately or things they have learned to do over time. Knowledge is what they know or have come to understand as they’ve grown. This knowledge is shaped by their experiences, which help build both the knowledge and skills available to them in their personal toolboxes.

Under the water, however, are the unseen forces that can shape their behaviors. This portion consists of four large components: their social role and values, self-image, traits, and motives. Continue reading “Understanding the Iceberg Model of Childhood Behavior”

PYD Expands Mentoring Opportunities to Community College Students with Disabilities on a National Scale

Cartoon mentor and mentee connected via wifiBOSTON, MA – Over the next three years, Partners for Youth with Disabilities (PYD) will be launching a new online, professional mentoring program to support community college students with disabilities across five states.

According to the Department of Labor, Office of Disability Policy, people with disabilities continue to have an unemployment rate over two times that of people without disabilities. While higher education often improves employment opportunities, college graduates continue to face barriers when seeking employment, which can lead to unemployment or underemployment. Thanks to a three-year grant from the Mitsubishi Electric America Foundation, Partners for Youth with Disabilities is planning to address this issue by expanding professional mentoring opportunities to community college students with disabilities in five states.

PYD will offer e-mentoring to 330 young adults with the goal of improved employment outcomes through partnerships with Business Leadership Networks in Massachusetts (Work Without Limits), Connecticut (Connecticut Business Leadership Network), Maine (Maine Business Leadership Network in partnership with the Maine Chamber of Commerce), Wyoming (Unita County Business Leadership Network), and Kansas (Greater Kansas City Leadership Network), as well as community colleges in these areas.

Community College students will access professional and peer mentors to increase their networks, receive advice, and gather support about achieving goals. They will also participate in topical webinars related to employment readiness, and engage in live networking and interview fairs hosted by the Business Leadership Networks.

According to Regina Snowden, Founder and Executive Director of Partners for Youth with Disabilities, “For 31 years, PYD has witnessed the transformative power of mentoring in the lives of youth and young adults with disabilities in their efforts to gain employment and achieve independence. We are thrilled to be expanding our program model beyond Massachusetts through e-Mentoring. We know that this effort between many collaborating partners will result in increased employment opportunities for the participating young adults.”


About Partners for Youth with Disabilities
Partners for Youth with Disabilities (PYD) empowers youth with disabilities to reach their full potential by providing transformative mentoring programs, youth development opportunities, and inclusion expertise. To learn more, visit www.pyd.org.

About Mitsubishi Electric America Foundation
The Mitsubishi Electric America Foundation, based in the Washington, DC area, was established in 1991 by Mitsubishi Electric Corporation and the Mitsubishi Electric U.S. companies, which produce, sell and distribute a wide range of consumer, industrial, commercial and professional electronics products. The foundation has contributed more than $15 million to organizations that are empowering young people with disabilities to lead more inclusive and productive lives. To learn more, visit the Mitsubishi Electric America Foundation’s website at www.MEAF.org.

Partners for Youth with Disabilities Awarded $1.1M Grant by the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

BOSTON, MA — On September 15th, Partners for Youth with Disabilities (PYD) was awarded a 3-year, $1.1 million grant by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). This grant will go to providing mentors to 290 youth with disabilities over the next three years, and to expanding the availability of high-quality mentoring for youth with disabilities across the nation.

Youth with disabilities face societal discrimination and environmental factors placing them at extremely high risk for involvement in the juvenile justice system. This is especially true for youth with emotional disturbances and learning disabilities, who are at an increased risk of gang involvement, placement in secure care, and placement in correctional facilities.

From Regina Snowden, PYD’s Executive Director: “We are grateful to the OJJDP for recognizing that disability is an important part of considering the whole child. We believe and have long advocated for the fact that in order to adequately support at risk youth, disability has to be part of the conversation. We could not be more grateful to have this tremendous opportunity to bring our experience and knowledge to a national level in this important social issue.”

As a result of this grant, PYD’s one-to-one mentoring program, called Mentor Match, will be expanding to provide mentors to more youth with emotional and learning disabilities. Additionally, PYD will be working with three partner organizations to help them implement PYD’s best practices for mentoring youth with disabilities, providing mentors to more youth with disabilities across the nation. These organizations are: MentorABILITY (Wyoming), The Viscardi Center (New York), and The Orangewood Foundation (California).

Susan Nicastro, PYD’s Deputy Director, will serve as Project Director for this award. She stated that: “We know that mentoring is a key strategy to ensure that youth make a positive transition to adulthood. At risk youth with disabilities are less likely to have mentors in their lives and more likely to benefit from mentoring. The resources provided by this generous award will help close this gap and bring mentoring to youth who need it the most.”

From Genelle Thomas, PYD’s National Center Director: “PYD’s National Center for Mentoring Youth with Disabilities is committed to guiding and supporting organizations as they seek to develop programs to improve outcomes for youth with disabilities. This award will enable PYD to leverage its 31 years of experience developing mentoring programs for youth with disabilities, and ensure that many more youth benefit from the power of mentoring. Through this award, we will support organizations as they implement a proven strategy to support at risk and high-risk youth with disabilities.”

This grant further reinforces PYD’s position as a national leader for mentoring of youth with disabilities.

About Partners for Youth with Disabilities: Partners for Youth with Disabilities (PYD) empowers youth with disabilities to reach their full potential by providing transformative mentoring programs, youth development opportunities, and inclusion expertise. We motivate youth to reach their personal, educational, and career goals, and guide organizations in becoming more inclusive. PYD currently runs four direct-service programs that serve youth with disabilities in the Greater Boston area, and a training center that helps organizations across the country and world become more inclusive of youth with disabilities. You can learn more about PYD at www.PYD.org, or find them on Facebook and Twitter.

About the Viscardi Center: The Viscardi Center is a network of non-profit organizations that provide services that educate, employ and empower children and adults with disabilities across the lifespan, based in Albertson, NY. Since 1952, Abilities, Inc. at The Viscardi Center has been preparing adolescents and adults with all types of disabilities and levels of experience for entry or re-entry into the workforce by assisting them in securing pre-employment services and employment. Learn more at www.viscardicenter.org.

About MentorAbility: MentorAbility is a youth initiative of the Uinta County Business Leadership Network in Evanston, Wyoming, assists rural youth with disabilities to become employed. The program engages the active participation of local employers in providing career exploration and internship opportunities designed to enable youth to gain career guidance, insight and experiences they need to obtain jobs and develop meaningful, rewarding careers. Learn more at www.blnworks.com.

About the Orangewood Foundation: The Orangewood Foundation serves current and former foster youth in California’s Orange County and is a private, 501(c)3 nonprofit organization established in 1981 to raise money to build a replacement emergency shelter for Orange County’s abused, neglected, and abandoned children. The mission of OCF is to provide life-changing prevention and intervention programs for abused and neglected children, young adults, and at-risk families through one-on-one support and community partnerships to end the cycle of child abuse. Learn more at www.orangewoodfoundation.org.

Meet our Honorees: Steve Mastrocola

At PYD’s upcoming benefit event, we will be honoring Ernst & Young and a handful of individuals for their commitment to the inclusion and mentoring of youth with disabilities. Steve Mastrocola is one of our honorees, selected for his commitment to mentoring and service as a PYD board member. Steve is an Assurance Partner and is the Area Leader of Ernst & Young’s New England Assurance Practice, primarily serving clients in the technology and life sciences industries. Based in Boston, Steve has more than 25 years of experience with a significant focus on working with privately-owned and publicly-held companies in the technology sector including software, medical devices and e-commerce. Steve is a Member of the Board of Directors of PYD now for five years and is steadfast in his care and support in a plethora of ways. He gives of his time and expertise as a member of the finance committee, is a champion in giving and encourages, invites, and welcomes the participation of his family, friends and colleagues at PYD.

Learn more about Steve below! Continue reading “Meet our Honorees: Steve Mastrocola”

PYD Receives a $12,500 Award from the Rite Aid Foundation KidCents Program

Partners for Youth with Disabilities was awarded a $12,500 grant from the Rite Aid Foundation as part of Rite Aid’s Big Hearts Give Challenge.  A check presentation ceremony was held Friday, February 19, 2016 at the Rite Aid Pharmacy located at 100 Cambridge Street in Boston, attended by Rite Aid officials, PYD staff members and volunteers.

Members of the PYD joined with officials from Rite Aid for the check presentation.

In 2014, Rite Aid began their journey with more than 200 charities to build a powerful coalition of organizations who share a mission to improve the well-being of children. With this mission, the Rite Aid Foundation introduced the KidCents program to provide Rite Aid customers an opportunity to give kids in need a chance for better lives and brighter futures. Through KidCents, members of Rite Aid’s wellness+ with Plenti program can round up their in-store or online purchases to the nearest dollar and designate their change to one of more than 360 kid-focused charities that now partner with KidCents. PYD is proudly part of the program!

To celebrate the one-year anniversary of KidCents, the Rite Aid Foundation launched the Big Hearts Give Challenge to award participating charities with $5,000 to $20,000 in grants depending on the number of designations the organizations received. This incentive program ran from October 1st, 2015 through January 31st, 2016. In all, The Rite Aid Foundation’s KidCents program will donate a total of $1.6 million to 182 KidCents charities!

PYD was truly excited about this opportunity and accepted the challenge with great passion and energy.  Within several weeks, we were lucky enough to reach 83 designations from PYD supporters and Rite Aid customers to qualify for the $12,500 award. “It was phenomenal to see almost 100 people sign up. We were originally shooting for the $10,000 level award, but thanks to our supporters’ time and effort, we surpassed that goal to get to the next level,” said Nicole Malo, PYD’s Development Manager. “It’s a true testament to what we can do when we come together. We’re fortunate to be part of this caring community.”

PYD staff members, board members, participants, LEND fellows, volunteers, friends, and family were all called upon to join in the challenge. It was a grassroots movement. We reached out to people via email, social media, and a lot of in-person encouraging  to sign people up and have them designate PYD as their KidCents charity. Esterlina Macinnes, who is one of PYD’s LEND Fellows, helped spearhead the challenge and she successfully signed up about ten people she knows.

Peter Hallisey, District Manager from Rite Aid, presented the check to PYD and gave a speech on behalf of the Rite Aid team. “It’s a pleasure for us to make a donation to this tremendous organization. We know our customers share our passion when it comes to giving back to the community, and that’s why KidCents was created,” said Peter. “By leveraging the power of this highly successful KidCents program, our partner organizations will have the opportunity to increase their funding to make a bigger difference in the lives of children in our communities.”

Through this special challenge, PYD succeeded in raising awareness, growing our donor network, and earning additional funds for our organization. We would like to thank the Rite Aid Foundation for their generous support and this opportunity to participate in the Big Hearts Give Challenge. Our special thanks also go out to PYD staff members, volunteers, and all the loyal supporters who assisted our organization in meeting its goal. The award funds will be used to support important PYD programs that motivate youth to reach their personal, educational, and career goals, and guide organizations in becoming more inclusive.

This post written by Sophia Xiaotong Ma, Graduate Student at the Boston University College of Communication. She is one of PYD’s BU PR Lab Account Executives. (Edited by Nicole Malo, with the additional edit help of PYD Team Members.)

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